6. When the President of the Republic is present, he presides over cabinet meetings. The firm meets at regular intervals at the special headquarters. The legal quorum for a cabinet meeting is 2/3 of the cabinet members. The cabinet decides with the agreement. If that is not possible, it is by vote. Decisions are adopted by a majority of the members present. For important questions, they must be approved by 2/3 of the cabinet members. Important issues include: state of emergency and abolition, war and peace, general mobilization, international agreements and treaties, general state budget, global and long-term development plans, appointment of senior officials or equivalents, revision of the administrative department, dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies, right to vote, citizenship law, civil status law and dismissal of ministers. In this context, the many shortcomings of the Lebanese system have become increasingly evident. But what is striking in the current regional political context is that some analysts and policy makers are willing to look at the Lebanese system or experience in a new way, because all experiments have failed elsewhere in the creation of highly centralized states.
Their interest is to determine what can be taken or influenced by Lebanon, what can be applied to mixed Arab countries in times of deep crisis, and what should be avoided at all costs. For example, both analysts and policy makers who observe Iraq after 2003 have often spoken of an “Iraqi taif” to settle local relations in the future – with regard to the Lebanese agreement on reconciliation and the distribution of power after the war. More recently, some attempts to address events in Syria have led to discussions on adopting certain features of the Lebanese system in order to create a possible “Syrian taif”. The years that followed, between Hariri`s assassination in 2005 and the beginning of the insurgency in Syria in 2011, were marked by insecurity, bloodshed and persistent violence. In July 2006, the war between Hezbollah and Israel founded the party and the community on whose behalf it claimed to speak as a leading regional force. In addition, Hezbollah`s announced victory was claimed by Bashar al-Assad. However, the way he did this set off sectarian fires. In a speech to a conference of the Syrian Union of Journalists on 15 August 2006, Mr. Assad said that he believed that among the losers of the war were the Arab states that did not support Hezbollah, led by what he described as “semi-human” and the March 14 coalition in Lebanon, which he had once called the Sunni leaders of Diener-Arabie. The agreement provided for the withdrawal of all Syrian troops from the Beqaa Valley for up to two years, but did not provide a timetable for their total withdrawal from the country. This failure allowed the Syrian Arab Army to occupy the Beqaa for the next 15 years and dominate political life during the same period, until it withdrew completely in March 2005, after the Cedar Revolution and UN Resolution 1559.
What is not taken into account in the option is the balance of power that would define any discussion of a more diffuse system. Most important is the impact this could have on the negotiating capacity of each Community, which would allow it to take advantage of a satisfactory share of an already small region. The final results are defined by such a balance and that can impose what on others.