Two sheikhs seemed, at different times, as if they had the status of trucial, which confirmed their independence from the neighbours Sharjah, Al Hamriyah and Al Heera, but did not sign contracts with the British. Kalba, which was granted the status of a liaison country in 1936 because it was chosen as the site for Imperial Airways flights to Sharjah, was reinstated to Sharjah in 1951 after the death of its ruler. [4] In 1853, the perpetual violation of peace at sea on 4 May 1853 prohibited any act of aggression at sea and was signed by Abdulla bin Rashid of Al Quwain; Hamed bin Rashid of Ajman; Saeed bin Butti from Dubai; Saeed bin Tahnoun (“Chief of the Beniyas”) and Sultan bin Saqr (“Chief of the Joasmees”). [39] Another commitment to the suppression of the slave trade was signed in 1856 and 1864, which dates from 1864 to “Complementary articles to peace at sea, which provides for the protection of the telegraph line and stations.” In June 1879 an agreement was reached on the treatment of debtors. [40] [41] All Arab leaders independent of this coastal area had previously signed trade and protection agreements with the British government (CAB 24/72/76). The agreements between the British government and the rulers were concluded in 1820, 1839, 1853 and 1892. In accordance with these treaties, local governments have agreed to maintain the peace and refer their disputes to each other to arbitration by the British government, represented by a political resident. They also agreed to abstain from relations with other European nations than Great Britain, not to host representatives of those countries without the agreement of the United Kingdom and not to lease territory and not to grant concessions to foreigners other than British subjects. In exchange, the BRITISH government pledged to protect local governments from unsusclected foreign aggression (FO 881/8805X). As a result of these contracts, the sheikhs were collectively known as Trucial States (FO 881/8805X). The British did not intend to control the trade and internal affairs of Eastern countries, even after the formalization of the treaties.

They just wanted to secure the transport and communication channel to India, which was crucial for the British. The sheikhs remained without British political leaders until after the Second World War. The states were self-administered. In 1951, a United States Council (ST.C) was established to resolve disputes of loyalty and borders. The current Higher Council of the United Arab Emirates succeeds the Council of the United States. All the sheikhs allied with the British, the first contract being the General Treaty of Sea Lake of 1820. The Perpetual Maritime Agreement of 1853. In 1892, the exclusivity agreement was concluded. In the 1890s, Britain attempted to continue to shape its authority by formalizing all previous agreements with the leaders of the Gulf region.

The decision was taken by the French and Russians, who had begun to show new interests in the ditch. The terms of the treaty were that the British defended the sheikhs against any external aggression in exchange for their total loyalty to the British.