China`s economic changes have been truly remarkable, and there are good reasons (historical and political) to believe that the pursuit of constructive engagement and liberal trade negotiations could effectively defuse the Communist Party`s coercive tendencies. Indeed, the most impressive evolution of this period was the emergence of an increasingly cosmopolitan and confident bourgeois caste, which modernity wanted to adopt on several levels. China now has about 200 million middle-class consumers, and the most optimistic forecasts indicate that 25% of the country`s population could achieve middle-class status by 2010. The impact and importance of this explosion of prosperity should not be underestimated. As Barrington Moore`s study on the “social origins of democracy and dictatorship” has shown, there is an imperative link between entrepreneurship and the prosperity of the middle class, as well as freedom and democracy. In essence, Moore argued that the “democratic path to modern society” depended on the existence of a “strong and independent” pay class, cut off in the now famous phrase “No bourgeoisie, no democracy.” In addition, “Canada must respect this clause, with which we agreed.” The change in policy is one of the most concrete signs that the Canadian government, which has been criticized over the past two years for doing little against Chinese aggression, is taking a less friendly attitude towards Beijing – an attitude that is consistent with that of the United States, Australia and parts of the European Union. 2014: Mr. Harper returns to China to restore relations after investment in China`s oil sands stalled. He accuses Beijing of cyberattacks on government computers.

Beijing is inviting Ottawa to free trade negotiations, but this is widely rejected. Although the talks have been stalled for several years, Foreign Minister François-Philippe Champagne said a trade deal with Beijing could no longer be pursued. “I don`t see the conditions right now for these discussions to continue at that time,” Champagne said in an interview with The Globe and Mail. “China in 2020 is not china of 2016.” READ MORE: The study says Canada needs trade with China, but the USMCA will make things harder in 2017: Chinese President Xi Jinping is degenerating in the campaign to “re-educate” Uighurs, an ethnic group in the Xinjiang region, most of whom are Muslims. Alarming reports of indoctrination and forced labour camps that are the subject of international opinion against Beijing and its signed commercial projects and infrastructure, such as the Belt and Road initiative. Canada is helping to organize diplomatic efforts to blame China in an official letter, much to Beijing`s chagrin. A trade agreement with a “work” component would not hinder China in any way. Mexico did not have to abandon the maquiladora industries; however, it had to address issues under the top 11 labour and employment rights standards.

And while the three main workers` rights – freedom of association, the right to a collective agreement and the right to strike – would be part of an employment contract, the agreement would not immediately result in a broad trade union movement (or workers` rights) in the PRC. 2006: Stephen Harper`s Conservatives come to power, and his relentless message that Canada will not “sell” human rights in China results in frostier relations between countries, including Canadian tariff increases on Chinese steel. Chinese President Hu Jintao refuses to meet Harper at an economic summit on his first trip to Asia. Mr. Harper suggests that the refusal to meet face-to-face is linked to Beijing`s desire to focus the agenda on trade alone.